296 ScintiPack Photomultiplier Base with Preamplifier and HV Supply

ORTEC Model 296 ScintiPack Photomultiplier Base with Preamplifier and High Voltage Supply
  • For scintillation detectors employing 10-stage PMTs that fit standard 14-pin sockets 
  • Internal, adjustable, high-voltage bias supply eliminates high- voltage cables
  • Integral spectroscopy preamplifier avoids dangling boxes
  • Active bias network minimizes peak shifts at high counting rates
  • Anode timing output for coincidence measurements
  • Low power consumption (240 mW) for portable applications
  • Convenient, single-cable connection for most applications

The ScintiPack Photomultiplier Base (Model 296) includes everything needed for scintillation detectors in one compact package: a low-power, adjustable, high-voltage supply, an active bias network, and a spectroscopy preamplifier. Incorporating the bias supply in the photomultiplier base eliminates high-voltage cable connections to bulky, external, HV supplies. As a result, the ScintiPack operates with extremely low power consumption (240 mW). This makes the ScintiPack attractive for portable applications, as well as for high-density detector arrays.
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    Because the preamplifier output signal is bundled into the power cable, only a single cable is required between the photomultiplier base and the main amplifier location. The optional Signal Break-Out Adaptor can be used with amplifiers that do not offer signal interfacing through the preamplifier power plug. The adaptor attaches to the preamplifier power plug at the amplifier, and supplies the preamplifier signal on a coaxial cable for connection to the front-panel input of the amplifier. This approach maintains a single-cable connection from the ScintiPack to the amplifier location. 

    The ScintiPack biases the cathode of the associated photomultiplier tube at ground potential, and the anode at a positive voltage. The voltage applied to the anode can be optimized within the range of +600 V to +1100 V via a 20-turn screwdriver adjustment. This provides a cost-effective means of adjusting and matching photomultiplier gains in large arrays of scintillation detectors. The dynode bias network applies 1/6 of the anode voltage between the cathode and first dynode, and 1/12 of the anode voltage between the remaining pairs of electrodes. To provide excellent gain stability at high counting rates, the voltages applied to dynodes 8, 9, and 10 are transistor regulated. Feedback regulation is also applied to the anode voltage to achieve optimum gain stability for the entire photomultiplier tube.

    The signal from dynode 10 is integrated on a 500-pF capacitor at the preamplifier input, amplified by the preamplifier gain, and presented as a positive-polarity pulse at the PREAMP output. A jumper on the printed circuit board allows selection of a preamplifier gain of X1 or X6. The preamplifier output signal can be accessed on pin 3 of the power connector, or at the BNC connector on the rear panel of the ScintiPack.

    The anode signal is available on a rear-panel BNC connector to facilitate high resolution timing in coincidence measurements. This output is intended to drive a 50-Ω coaxial cable to a timing amplifier or a timing discriminator. By moving a jumper on the printed circuit board, the anode output connector can be converted to a test input for the preamplifier. A pulser can be applied to the test input to check the operation of the entire chain of electronics, starting from the preamplifier input.

    The PMT socket is a standard JEDEC B14-38 socket that fits 10-stage photomultiplier tubes with 14 pins.
  • Specifications +


    Performance

    PMT Bias
    Cathode to Anode Voltage
    Adjustable from +600 V to +1100 V (grounded cathode, positive anode) with feedback regulation.
    Bias Distribution 1/12 of the cathode-to-anode voltage is applied between: the cathode and focus electrode, the focus electrode and the first dynode, each pair of dynodes, and between the tenth dynode and the anode. Voltages on dynodes 8, 9, and 10 are transistor regulated for improved stability at high counting rates.
    Temperature Sensitivity The cathode-to-anode voltage changes <100 ppm/°C over the operating temperature range of 0 to 50°C.
    Bias Voltage Decay Time Nominally 3 minutes, when the HV switch is turned off.

    Preamplifier
    Output Polarity
    Positive.
    Output Risetime <100 ns for a fast pulser at the TEST input, or for a fast scintillator.
    Output Decay Time Constant Nominally a 50-µs exponential time constant.
    Conversion Gain Typically 1 µV/eV or 6 µV/eV (jumper selectable) for a 3-in. x 3-in. Nal(TI) crystal and a PMT gain of 106.
    Output Nosie <300 µV rms. Measured using an ORTEC Model 671 Amplifier under the following conditions: HV on, no PMT installed, X6 preamplifier gain, and a 1-µs amplifier shaping time constant.
    Integral Nonlinearity <±0.1% from 0 to +6.5 V into a 1-kΩ load; measured via the TEST input. Maximum output is +7 V into an open circuit, or +3 V into a 93-Ω load. Overall linearity depends on the nonlinearity of the scintillator/photomultiplier combination.
    Temperature Sensitivity Gain changes <±50 ppm/°C from 0 to 50°C, measured via the TEST input. Overall temperature sensitivity depends on the scintillator/photomultiplier combination and the bias supply.
    Spectrum Shift Limited by the photomultiplier. Typically <±2% shift of the 662-keV peak position from a 137Cs source for a change in counting rate from 0 to 100,000 counts/s in the entire spectrum. Measured using an ORTEC Model 671 Amplifier set to a 0.5-µs shaping time constant, and an ORTEC TRUMP-2k Multichannel Analyzer.
    Spectrum Broadening Limited by the scintillator/photomultiplier combination. Typically <10% broadening of the FWHM of the 662-keV peak from a 137Cs source for a change in counting rate from 0 to 100,000 counts/s. Measured under the same conditions as SPECTRUM SHIFT.

    Control and Indicators

    HV Rear-panel, 22-turn potentiometer provides adjustment of the HV bias voltage from +600 V to +1100 V. The adjacent test point permits monitoring of the actual bias voltage with a digital voltmeter. A digital voltmeter reading of 1.000 V corresponds to an actual bias voltage of 1000 V. The output impedance of the test point is <14 kΩ.
    ON Rear-panel push-button switch turns on the preamplifier and HV bias power when depressed. Pushing a second time releases the button and turns the power off.
    X1/X6 X1/X6  A two-position jumper, located on the preamplifier printed circuit board, selects the preamplifier gain to be X1 or X6. Shipped set to X1.
    Anode Out/Test In A two-position jumper, located on the preamplifier printed circuit board, selects the function of the rear-panel, ANODE OR TEST connector. With the jumper in the ANODE OUT position, the anode signal is routed to the BNC connector for timing applications. Testing of the preamplifier function can be accomplished by moving the jumper to the TEST IN position and applying an external pulser to the rear-panel connector. Shipped in the ANODE OUT position.

    Inputs and Outputs

    Anode or Test Rear-panel, BNC connector functions as either the anode output for timing applications, or as a test input for inserting test pulses into the preamplifier input. (See ANODE OUT/TEST IN jumper description.) 
    • Anode Output  With the internal jumper set to ANODE OUT, the negative-polarity anode signal is ac-coupled to the rear-panel BNC output, with an output impedance of 1 kΩ. Intended for driving a 50-Ω coaxial cable terminated in 50 Ω.
    • Test Input  With the internal jumper set to TEST IN, the rear-panel BNC connector is connected to the preamplifier test input. Input impedance is nominally 93 Ω in parallel with 83 pF.
    Preamp A rear-panel, BNC connector delivers the preamplifier output signal for applications where a separate signal cable is desired. The same signal is also available on pin 3 of the power cable connector for systems that accommodate a single-cable connection to the spectroscopy amplifier. Both outputs have a common, ac-coupled, 93-Ω, output impedance, and are short-circuit protected. The signal from dynode 10 is integrated on a 500-pF capacitor at the preamplifier input, amplified by the preamplifier gain, and presented as a positive-polarity pulse at the PREAMP output.
    PMT Socket TRW 3B14. Fits the standard JEDEC B14-38 photomultiplier tube pin base for 14-pin, 10-stage PMTS.

    Electrical and Mechanical
    Power Required
    +12 V at 20 mA. Supplied via a captive power cord terminated in a standard preamplifier power plug (9-pin, D connector). Power cord length is nominally 3 m. The preamplifier power plug is compatible with the standard preamplifier power-connector provided on most nuclear spectroscopy amplifiers. An optional Signal Break-Out Adaptor is available for extracting the preamplifier signal at the power connector.
    Weight Net  0.5 kg (1.1 lb).    Shipping  1.2 kg (2.6 lb).
    Dimensions 5.6 cm (2.2 in.) diameter X 17 cm (6.7 in.) length.
  • Ordering Information +


    Ordering Information
    Model Description
    296 ScintiPack PMT Base (with Preamplifier and HV Supply)
    296-ADAPT Signal Break-Out Adaptor
    C-24-12
    RG-62A/U 93-ohm cable with two BNC male plugs, 12 ft length
    C-25-12
    RG-58A/U 50-ohm cable with two BNC male plugs, 12 ft length