Gamma Gage II Portable Cryostat/Dewar

  • ORTEC Model Gamma Gage II Portable Cryostat and Dewar Combination for HPGe Radiation DetectorsStandard holding times in the range of 1–5 days
  • Available in all-attitude and compact multi-orientation dewar types
  • Lightweight:  <11 lbs for 24-hour holding time version
  • Available for all GEM, GMX or GLP detectors
  • Automatic high-voltage shutdown and high count-rate indicator 
  • PopTop or Streamline versions
Gamma Gage II is intended for most any situation in which it is necessary to "take the instrument to the sample." Examples of such measurements are found in many waste assay and site characterization measurements, as well as nuclear materials holdup, and portable safeguards isotopic ratio measurements. In some cases, a Gamma Gage dewar is an excellent solution when space/weight is at a premium, for example, in Whole Body Counting applications or in some multi-detector research applications, although increasingly, electrical cooling is a viable alternative in these.

The integral LN2 dewar is available in a variety of hold times to suit the measurement constraints on size/weight and holding time.
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    Two dewar type options on Gamma Gage II allow a choice between complete all-attitude no-spill operation and no-spill operation in a slightly restricted range of attitudes from a more compact dewar, the MOD dewar. 

    The definition of an all-attitude dewar is, apart from the inevitable venting of boil-off liquid nitrogen during use, the liquid refrigerant cannot escape from the dewar while the detector is in use, regardless of the orientation ("attitude") of the dewar. This is achieved by the relatively simple expedient of making the single fill-vent tube extend to the geometrical center of the LN2 reservoir. Thus whatever the orientation of the dewar, the fill/vent tubes are above the level of the liquid. The dewar is never more than 50% full. 

    In some situations, the constraint on size is more important, and a dewar which may be filled completely is required, even at the expense of having to restrict the range of movement allowed without some venting of refrigerant. The MOD (multi-orientation dewar) option allows this. It may be operated pointing vertically upward, downward or horizontally. Table 1 gives the choice criteria between all-attitude and MOD dewar types; the basic tradeoff is between minimum size/weight for a given holding time and avoidance of loss of liquid refrigerant.

    Table 1. Multi-Orientation Dewar vs. All-Attitude Dewar
      MOD All-Attitude
    Ease of filling with a funnel More difficult and slower than all-attitude Fills easily
    Ease of filling with a pressurized source Equal
    Storage/Fill Dewar Not compatible Easily used with S/F dewar
    Size Smaller (all of the volume is utilized for LN) Larger (only half the dewar volume utilized for LN)
    Dry Weight (same LN2 capacity) Smaller dewar equals lighter weight Larger dewar equals heavier weight (~4 lbs)
    Spill Possibilities LN is easily spillled by moving dewar Very difficult to make LN spill out of ports
    Rotation about Center Axis Causes pressurization of dewar and consequent leakage of refrigerant No LN is spilled
    Rotation on Longitudinal Axis (Tilting Up or Down) Position fill port above vent port to minimize LN spilling No LN is spilled

    Dewar Hold Times
    Designation All-Attitude Multi-Orientation (MOD)
    LN2 Volume>
    Hold Time>
    1.2L
    1 Day
    3L
    2 Days
    5L
    4 Days
    3L
    2 Days
    7L
    5 Days
    Hold times are approximate for standard non-PopTop cryostats in 2.75" diameter size endcap only. Hold time for PopTop cryostats and special cryostats may vary. Actual hold times may vary depending on specific dewar, cryostat, and detector.

    Gamma Gage II Fill Options

    Both the all-attitude and MOD versions of the Gamma Gage II are supplied with fill funnels to allow manual filling in a HORIZONTAL orientation. (The MOD dewar cannot be filled in vertical orientation.) Both dewar types are compatible with the ORTEC manual and automatic LN2 fill systems. 

    The all-attitude version may be filled in a vertical orientation or kept "at the ready" by attachment to the DWR S/F "mother cow" long term storage dewar.
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