IDM-200-P Interchangeable Detector Module

ORTEC Model IDM-200-P Interchangeable Radiation Detector Module for System IntegrationConveniently pre-configured for a wide range of applications, the IDM-200-P is a complete radiation detector and identification package containing a detector, cooler, power supply, internal battery and charger, and sealed connectors completely pre-assembled for fast, straightforward installation in a number of OEM, customer and integrator applications. These self-contained detectors are ready made for portal monitoring and other radiation monitoring applications. 
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    The IDM-200-P Advantage
    The modular design and the unmatched energy resolution of HPGe detectors offers integrators significant advantages over technologies which yield inferior resolution. The IDM-200-P delivers this performance in a unique, reliable and convenient package.

    Integrated Solution  The IDM-200-P is easily adaptable to other screening technologies such as NII X-Ray, EDS, and Radiation Portal monitors.

    COTS Ready  The IDM-200-P is designed as a commercial off-the-shelf solution that lowers cost, is more flexible for many applications, and shortens the design-to-market cycles.

    Close Proximity to X-Ray Machines  Field tests have proven that the effects of scattered x-rays on the background of the IDM-200-P HPGe detector has minimal to no effect on the capability of identifying radionuclides.

    Detector Energy Resolution  Germanium detectors represent the best resolution available in any commercial gamma-ray detector. High resolution is always of benefit in a wide variety of applications, leading to improved sensitivity and more accurate identification of radionuclides at all energies.

    Detector Sensitivity for SNM  The IDM-200-P provides the best sensitivity for Special Nuclear Material (SNM) detection and identification. Because of the extremely high signal-to-noise ratio, very high detection confidence can be achieved with very few signal counts, thus making the system extremely sensitive in comparison with medium and low resolution systems.

    Identification Capabilities  In combination with the advanced identification algorithms optionally available in the ORTEC Detective series software, an IDM-200-P solution can provide unambiguous threat identification of standard packages and cargo. The system is able to detect and identify small gamma-ray peaks with precision. High resolution also means that other spectral artifacts are more easily seen, and these can be used by the advanced ORTEC software algorithms in confirming the presence (or not) of specific nuclides.

    The Technology Behind the ORTEC IDM-200-P
    ORTEC has successfully developed, tested, and deployed products for critical security applications requiring detection and identification of radiation and nuclear threats.

    ORTEC pioneering advances in HPGe technology have greatly extended the range of security applications where HPGe can now be deployed.

    With a strong history of manufacturing equipment to meet the demanding requirements of detecting and identifying special nuclear material, the ORTEC line of Detective and IDM products have become the global benchmark in verification of the presence of special nuclear materials, both legal and illicit. 

    HPGe represents an advanced radiation sensor technology which can detect, identify and analyze phenomena, normally missed by other nuclear detection systems. HPGe detection systems are largely unaffected by radiation background variations, masking, or environmental temperature changes. They are less susceptible to electrical interference than other systems and are capable of detecting sources through thicker shielding than other passive systems.

    Applications Software

    ORTEC has an extensive portfolio of software specifically designed to meet the needs of homeland security applications. The correct software is a key element of a good nuclear security measurement system. It is often the application software which turns the “hardware into the solution.” ORTEC has software covering a broad spectrum of nuclear measurement applications, often providing integrated hardware control, display and analysis in a single package.

    • Connections Programmer’s Toolkit with ActiveX controls
    • MAESTRO MCA Emulation Software
    • Detective-Remote Instrument Remote Monitoring and Control Software

    Mechanical
    To support OEMs, ORTEC is leveraging the experience of the Detective portable instrumentation manufacturing to build new detector modules and integrated solutions that are designed and built to perform in the toughest environments.

    The IDM-200-P has been designed specifically for use in HPGe portal monitors and other similar systems for nuclear materials interdiction. These hardware subsystems are designed for use in demanding applications. All the components are derived from ORTEC technology, proven in the field by hundreds of Detective portable identifiers.

    The IDM-200-P is a compact detection instrument subsystem. The IDM-200-P can be mounted conveniently on a shelf within a cabinet. Multiple IDM-200-P subsystems can be positioned in a vertical stack for portal applications. The IDM-200-P is narrow enough to fit in a standard 19” rack. The integral handles assist in installation and in portable applications.

    The low power consumption of the IDM-200-P reduces heat dissipation requirements. An IDM-200-P consumes <100 watts of power when cooled to operating temperature. Low power consumption means systems configured using the IDM-200-P do not need high levels of cabinet air conditioning.

    The HPGe detector is shielded on the back of the cryostat. Other shielding can be easily placed on the sides of the detector endcap to limit the horizontal field of view. The vertical field of view can also be defined by shielding. (By designing shielding/collimation as free standing, it is possible to greatly simplify serviceability and interchangeability.)

    Germanium Detector
    The majority of the gamma-ray emissions from special nuclear material (SNM) are below 1 MeV. Extensive modeling has shown that a detector size of 85 mm diameter by 30 mm deep is an excellent geometry for detecting these gamma rays. The HPGe crystal geometry is nominally the same in all IDM-200-P subsystems.

    ORTEC leads the field in the development and deployment of mechanically cooled HPGe detector technology, introducing the first mechanically cooled HPGe detector more than 20 years ago. There are more HPGe spectrometers in the field world-wide cooled by ORTEC supplied mechanical cooling systems than all other commercial and non-commercial systems combined. In particular, and most recently, ORTEC Detective HPGe Portable Hand Held Identifiers are operating in the field by the hundreds  and the Stirling cycle cooler technology used by the Detective, and now the IDM-200-P, is proven by experience.

    The IDM-200-P cryostat design evolved from the Detective Hand Held Identifier, itself a non-traditional design, which does not use molecular sieve as a cryo-pump, but does use all-metal seals and very clean construction methods. The all-metal construction results in a robust long-life cryostat which can be temperature cycled, either completely or partially, indefinitely. The cooler can be turned off then on at any time, greatly aiding service operations.

    DSP Electronics
    The digital signal processing (DSP) electronics subsystem used in the IDM-200-P is derived from the ORTEC Detective family systems. The low power design has extreme high stability with both count rate and temperature variation, important in many different applications.

    Field operation of any instrument is different than laboratory operation. One common feature of field operation that can lead to reduced system performance is mechanical vibration or acoustical noise. The normally very good energy resolution of HPGe detectors can be degraded by mechanical vibration or microphonic noise. ORTEC’s LFR1 technology solves the vibration problem common in aerial survey and portal monitoring systems. Another source of low frequency electrical noise is electrical ground loops — common in field systems. The LFR filter feature reduces the effects of all such noise sources.

    The data can be collected in a histogram mode (the traditional mode for Pulse Height Analysis) and transferred to a PC for further analysis. There is a small dead time when the data are being transferred that new data are not collected. List mode data collection is essential in situations where no data can be missed. List mode has been used with great success in many real-world situations. For example, when the sample is moving relative to the detector and it is important to measure an activity profile as a function of time or position. Another application is aerial and land-based surveying. No "dead periods" occur in the data collection. When moving at 50 kph, a 100 millisecond gap in data collection means a gap of nearly 1.5 meters in the data collection profile. In the list mode of operation, data are stored directly to memory, event by event, with a time stamp (200 nanoseconds). This wealth of data can then be reconstructed into separate spectra by time, energy, or position within a portal. This feature of the IDM-200-P greatly enhances the detection sensitivity of the system in all applications.

    Communications
    High speed plug-and-play USB 2.0 communications makes subsystem control and data collection fast and easy.

    Service
    The replacement of an IDM-200-P is particularly fast and straightforward. Only two connections are required, power (A/C or DC) and USB.
  • Specifications +


    Radiation Detector
    Internal HPGe Detector Crystal
    Dimensions: 85 mm diameter x 30 mm length nominal. Coaxial construction. P-type high-purity germanium.
    Cryostat All metal-sealed, long life cryostat, no molecular sieve.
    Cooler High reliability, low power Stirling Cooler. Cooler design life >5 years continuous running. Power consumption <2 A at operating temperature.
    Digital Noise Suppression "LFR Filter" ORTEC Patent Pending.

    Digital MCA and Data Processor
    Digital MCA Conversion Gain Up to 16k Channel.
    System Gain Settings Coarse Gain: 1.
    Fine Gain: 0.45 to 1.
    System Conversion Gain
    Software controlled from 512 to 16k channels.
    Digital Filter Shaping-Time Constants
    Rise Times: 3.2 µs to 23 µs in steps of 0.2 µs. 
    Flat Tops: 0.3 to 2.4 in steps of 0.1 µs.
    Dead-Time Correction: Extended live-time correction according to Gedcke-Hale method. 
    Accuracy: Area of reference peak changes <±3% from 0 to 50,000 counts per second.
    Low-Frequency Rejector
    When set to ON, removes low-frequency (<3 kHz) input noise from spectrum.
    Linearity
    Integral Nonlinearity: <±0.025% over top 99.5% of spectrum, measured with a mixed source (55Fe @ 5.9 keV to 88Y @ 1836 keV).
    Differential Nonlinearity: <±1% (measured with a BNC pulser and ramp generator) over top 99% of range.
    Digital Spectrum Stabilizer
    Controlled via computer, stabilizes gain and zero errors.
    System Temperature Coefficient
    Gain: <50 ppm/°C. [Typically <30 ppm/°C.]
    Offset: <3 ppm/°C of full scale.
    Overload Recovery
    At maximum gain, recovers to within 2% of rated output from X1000 overload in 2.5 non-overloaded pulse widths. (Measured using the InSight Oscilloscope.)
    Maximum System Throughtput
    >100,000 cps, but may be restricted in software with LFR off. >34,000 cps with LFR on. Depends on shaping parameters.
    Pulse Pile-Up Rejector
    Automatically set threshold.
    Pulse-Pair Resolution
    Typically <500 ns.
    Automatic Digital Pole-Zero Adjustment
    Computer controlled. Can be set automatically or manually. Remote diagnostics via InSight Oscilloscope mode. (Patented.)
    Digital Gated Baseline Restorer
    Computer controlled adjustment of the restorer rate (High, Low, and Auto). (Patented.)
    LLD
    Digital lower level discriminator set in channels. Hard cutoff of data in channels below the LLD setting.
    ULD
    Digital upper level discriminator set in channels. Hard cutoff of data in channels above the ULD setting.
    Ratemeter
    Count rate display on PC screen (if enabled).

    Physical
    Maximum Overall Dimensions (including Ge detector endcap and shock absorbers): 41.3 cm L x 34 cm W x 21.2 cm H (16.26” L x 13.39” W x 8.35” H).
    Weight
    39 lb. (17.7 kg).
    Internal Battery Life
    ~2.5 hours at 25°C when HPGe detector is cold, depending on battery condition. Battery lifetime may be extended indefinitely by use of external battery backup capability or with the ORTEC optional external battery packs.
    Input Power
    10 to 17 V DC from battery or DC power supply (universal mains supply included). Battery charger circuit is inside instrument.
    Power Usage
    100 W nominal. While charging battery: 5 A nominal. Cold with fully charged battery: <2 A.
    Temperature Operation (without external enclosure)
    Range: –10°C to +50°C
    Relative Humidity: 95%, noncondensing.
    The unit is expected to be kept running once cold.
    Cool Down Time
    Initial cool down time depends on ambient temperature, but is typically 15 hours from ambient.
    Communications Ports
    USB 2.0 connection provided at the rear panel.
    (2) TTL inputs (neutron or other sensor input).
    System reset IO for remote reboot.
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    Model Description
    IDM-200-P IDM-200-P Interchangeable Detector Module. Includes internal backup battery, operating manual, AC/DC power adaptor charger and USB cable.
    IDM-200-ACC-PS AC/DC Power Adapter Charger. (One included with IDM-200-P.)
    IDM-200-ACC-USB IP68 USB Cable. (One included with IDM-200-P.)